Exploring and Understanding Neural Networks
by Comparing Activation Distributions


As deep neural networks are increasingly used in solving high-stake problems, there is a pressing need to understand their internal decision mechanisms. Visualization has helped address this problem by assisting with interpreting complex deep neural networks. However, current tools often support only single data instances, or visualize layers in isolation. We present NeuralDivergence, an interactive visualization system that uses activation distributions as a high-level summary of what a model has learned. NeuralDivergence enables users to interactively summarize and compare activation distributions across layers, classes, and instances (e.g., pairs of adversarial attacked and benign images), helping them gain better understanding of neural network models.